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His library was one of three foundation collections brought together by the creation of the British Museum in 1753. The writing is informal and fun, though written by academic contributors. From are important because they give us readings from Beowulf that were lost to fire damage (1731) and provide insight into the origins of the first printed edition of Beowulf by Grímur Jónsson Thorkelin (1752-1829). From , one of which was made by an amanuensis, and the other by Thorkelin himself. Digital Preservation, Restoration, and Dissemination of Medieval Manuscripts. Kiernan, Professor of English, University of Kentucky and director of the Electronic Beowulf editions and Electronic Beowulf Index and Guide. If you have ever wondered how scribes created manuscripts, or wanted to find some examples of beautiful illuminated manuscripts from the later medieval period, visit this site.
Sir Robert bound Beowulf with four other MSS in a combined codex known as Cotton MS. Illustrated overview of British Library MS Cotton Vitellius A. If you think Beowulf is boring, explore this site and be prepared to change your mind. Thorkelin was primarily interested in Danish antiquities, and discovered Beowulf while conducting research at the British Museum. Kiernan also wrote Beowulf and the Beowulf Manuscript (1981, rev sub 1997) and “The Eleventh-Century Origin of Beowulf and the Beowulf Manuscript,” in The Dating of Beowulf, ed. Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts: Online Images and Resources.
Vitellius A.xv, the 15th item on the first shelf of the “press” of manuscripts under the bust of Emperor Vitellius in his library. XV, the composite codex containing the Beowulf manuscript.
Other manuscripts in the Cotton Library were also cataloged by their locations in bookcases topped by marble busts of Roman Emperors. The history of the manuscript is fascinating, and if you want to learn more about it, and the significance of the poem, start here. A comprehensive scholarly companion to Electronic Beowulf, 4th edition (online), freely available on the same website. Follow the link to the Nowell Codex, which contains five items, including Beowulf and Judith.
The manuscript was badly damaged by fire in 1731, and its charred edges crumbled over time, losing words on the outer margins of the leaves. Click a letter or ligature on the right side of the page to see a matching list of words.
Finally, each leaf was carefully pasted into a frame to stop this process. Pronunciation practice, glossary, fonts, software, and more. Links to resources about language, literature, archaeology, Norman Invasion,and related topics.
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Translated by Grímur Jónsson Thorkelin in 1815, the “first known full translation.” Web edition by Claude Pavur, Saint Louis University, November 2008. Hear Seamus Heaney read his translation of Beowulf (You Tube audio, Parts 1 and 2).
Reviews describe this , Tolkien’s imagined folk-tale behind the Beowulf story.
His son, Christopher Tolkien, edited the manuscript and added a great deal of commentary.
The story, accessibly retold by Beowulf for Beginners, survives in one fragile manuscript copied by two scribes near the end of the 10th or the first quarter of the 11th century. Part of the Old English Aerobics site at the University of Virginia. “A daily reading of the entire Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records, which includes all poems written in Old English.” Michael D. There is also a 2-CD collection of Anglo-Saxon Aloud Greatest Hits. One reviewer noted an issue with non-displayed characters, so download a sample before purchasing the Kindle version. The author also has online Readings from Beowulf and more information at Old English at the University of Virginia.
Until quite recently, most scholars thought that this surprisingly complex and poignant poem was written in the 8th century or earlier, but Kevin Kiernan stirred up controversy in 1981 with the publication of Beowulf and the Beowulf Manuscript (rev sub edition 1997) by asserting that the work was composed in the 11th century, and that the manuscript itself may have even been the author’s working copy. Old English Glossary for Beowulf and the Finnesburh Fragment. Jonathan Slocum, University of Texas at Austin, Linguistics Research Center.