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By the final days of the bakery, the ash filled each room to the brim of the vats.
The accumulated ash preserved the slender, wooden columns, about 28 cm (11 inches) in diameter, to their total height of 3.20 meters (10.5 feet).
In AERA‘s 1991 season we found two bakeries, at that time the oldest known bakeries from ancient Egypt.
These bakeries are the archaeological counterparts of the bakeries depicted in many scenes and limestone models from Old Kingdom (2575-2134 BC) tombs.
The accumulated ash preserved the columns, about 28 cm (11 inches) in diameter, to their total height of 3.20 meters (10.5 feet).
stacked upside-down over an open fire so they can be preheated before baking.
This term indicates a food production establishment that included bakeries, breweries, and granaries.We think the covers were pots that had been preheated on the open hearth.Hot ashes were probably piled around the two pots to complete the baking process, as suggested by the abundant ash and charcoal fill of the depressions.Egypt is a desert country that does not have large forests to provide wood for fuel.Although wood was an expensive resource, the Old Kingdom Egyptians seemed to have burned it with abandon at Giza for a variety of purposes.