Pivotal states confronting and accommodating iran
However, Palestinian-Israeli tensions in the fall of 1996 led to a cooling of ties.
A small but symbolically important tourist trade has emerged between the two countries and there are plans for joint development of the Jordan Valley, increased trade, and joint business ventures.
Moreover, stemming the proliferation of WMD is growing increasingly difficult.
In particular, countries are becoming more skilled at concealing their WMD activities.
This will make it more difficult to identify new programs, identify potential WMD production and support sites, assess the maturity of programs underway, and ascertain the scope of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons proliferation in the region.
For this reason, a future Arab-Israeli war could involve the use of these weapons, with horrible implications for the region.Numerous factors make for a volatile situation that could lead to an explosion if both sides do not demonstrate flexibility in accommodating the concerns of the other: In 1996, the suspension of negotiations, Syria's continued support for the Lebanese Hizballah and Palestinian terrorist groups opposed to the Arab-Israeli peace process, and the election of a Likud government committed to fight terror as its first priority all increase the likelihood of a major Israeli military operation in Lebanon in the late 1990s along the lines of the Litani Operation (1978), Operation Peace for Galilee (1982), Operation Accountability (1993), or Operation Grapes of Wrath (1996).Sinai The 1979 Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty divides the Sinai into three zones: in Zone A, Egypt is permitted one mechanized infantry division; in Zone B, four lightly armed border battalions; and in Zone C, only civilian police to supplement the three battalions of the U. Before the treaty came into full effect, several buffer zones were set up to separate Egyptian and Israeli forces. Egypt--seeing Israel as a potential rival for influence in the region, conscious of the growing weight of domestic opinion critical of its peace treaty with Israel, and fearing the loss of its pivotal role in the Arab world--has further slowed the pace of normalization with Israel and tried to reestablish itself as a key player on the inter-Arab stage.Specifically, it has spearheaded efforts to build an Arab consensus concerning the peace process and Israel that reflects Egyptian priorities, and it has tried to bring international pressure to bear on Israel to sign the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), raising tensions with Israel and the United States.Egypt has also tentatively raised the possibility of terminating the mission of the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) in the Sinai--mainly for financial reasons.