Dating stages discovery stage
When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment.Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial.For bladder cancer, regional chemotherapy may be intravesical (put into the bladder through a tube inserted into the urethra).The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials.
After the doctor removes all the cancer that can be seen at the time of the surgery, some patients may be given chemotherapy after surgery to kill any cancer cells that are left.
Stage 0a (also called noninvasive papillary carcinoma) may look like long, thin growths growing from the lining of the bladder.
Stage 0is (also called carcinoma in situ) is a flat tumor on the tissue lining the inside of the bladder.
In stage IVB, cancer has spread to (c) other parts of the body, such as the lung, liver, or bone.
Different types of treatment are available for patients with bladder cancer.