Dating south bend lathe
An easier way to do the same thing is to put the precision level securely on top of the lathe carriage, perpendicular to the lathe bed with the carriage near the headstock.
Then crank the carriage towards the tailstock and adjust one tailstock foot for level.
One person would turn the wood work piece with a rope while the other used a sharp tool to cut shapes in the wood.
The lathe was very important to the Industrial Revolution.For cutting a half thread such as 7-1/2 TPI, restart the cut with the dial set to to the same number every time.For example, if you made the first cut with the dial set to "2", you must make every succeeding cut with the dial set to "2".Other work-holding methods include clamping the work about the axis of rotation using a chuck or collet, or to a faceplate, using clamps or dogs.Examples of objects that can be produced on a lathe include screws, candlestick holders, gun barrels, cue sticks, table legs, bowls, baseball bats, musical instruments (especially woodwind instruments), crankshafts, and camshafts.